The project involved fire strategic design to a Detailed Design Stage for the Diabetes Hospital located in Lusail, Qatar. It comprised five stories above ground level used for hospital treatment and accommodation and two basement levels predominately used for car parking.
The design was developed to meet the requirements of QCDD and NFPA.
As with many healthcare buildings, the immediate and total evacuation of the building in the event of a fire may not be possible or desirable. Patients with restricted mobility, (i.e. wheelchair users or patients confined to bed), cannot negotiate escape routes, particularly stairways, unaided. Patients under medication may require staff assistance, and patients who are dependent on electrical or mechanical equipment for their survival cannot always be disconnected and moved rapidly without serious consequences.
A Progressive Horizontal Evacuation Strategy was therefore proposed, allowing dependent or very high dependency patients to move, to a safer area on the same floor.
The provision of active fire safety systems and a high degree of structural fire resistance and compartmentation was incorporated to support this strategy.